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Agricultural Residues for Energy Production

Based on the national scale mapping done in the pilot phase, residues from rice and cotton were considered the most promising residues for energy production in Mali.

For agricultural residues there is a large difference between the theoretical amount and the amount available in practice, mainly because most agricultural residues are currently used for multiple purposes, and hence have a value.

Spatial maps of the theoretical amounts of residue for rice and cotton have been produced on the basis of national statistics, and practically realistic amounts of rice straw for energy use from Office de Niger, have been estimated on the basis of detailed field studies, comprising 400 questionnaires. An environmental analysis of the impact of using rice straw as a fuel instead of mulching was conducted on the basis of a literature review and collected soil samples.

The assessment is available in:

Given a considerable amount of rice straw available for energy purposes, a pre-feasibility study of a rice straw fired power plant of 3-5 MWel  was conducted.  The study comprises conception of systems for collection, transport and storage of straw and the conception of the straw fired power plant.  The feasibility study, providing estimates of investment as well as operation and management cost for the entire system from field to grid, is available in:






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